Tanzania is a beautiful country with amazing scenery, an abundance of wildlife and gentle, happy people with a humanity that the rest of the world has lost touch with. But amongst all this beauty is an enemy, who lurks in wet, damp places - the female Anopheles mosquito.
Mosquitoes have four life stages; the egg, larva, pupa and adult. The eggs laid in batches of about 100 at a time, will only hatch in standing water. Most eggs hatch with 48 hours. The larvae live in water and breath at the surface through tubes. Larvae feed on the organic debris and microorganisms in the water then change into Pupae, a resting stage that remains in the water. During this time the mosquito develops into an adult. After two days the pupal skin splits and the adult emerges.
Malaria begins when the female mosquito bites someone who has already infected. The mosquito becomes infected too, her bite transmits a tiny parasite into the blood stream, which travels to the liver where they divide repeatedly. About two days later, these parasites create millions of progeny who leave the liver and invade the red blood cells, feeding on them. Within 2 weeks they will have increased to more than 30 billion and the human host becomes feverish with malaria. Malaria can lead to chronic anemia, brain and kidney damage and death, especially amongst children and pregnant women.
So what do we does the Rotary Club of Moshi do?
We offer training to children and adults on prevention, diagnosis and treatment. After the training we invite children to tell us what they have learnt and we give them a quiz. The 5 top winners are given t-shirts stamped with the words “REMIT WINNER”. This ensures that they listen carefully.
Working with Pan African Malaria Vector Research Consortium, we train health workers on Malaria, Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya diagnosis, transmission, prevention and control.
After training, community members line up for the Nets. They pay $0.9 for each net so that there is the feeling of ownership. The poorest families identified by the village heads do not pay anything. We supply diagnostic equipment and other malaria equipment to the Health Centers in the areas where we work. We give one sprayer for every area to the Government Malaria Focal Person while the Government supplies the insecticides. We place mosquito-eating fish in water tanks and ponds, making sure the ponds have vertical edges so the fish do not flounder in shallow water. We also form Rotary Community Corps in each village. They are responsible for caring for the mosquito repellent trees, as well as supervision of indoor spraying.
Since the coming of Corona, it is even more important to protect the vulnerable. We now train and distribute to smaller groups at the village leader’s office and give one mask with every net.
The REMIT project is comprehensive support to health, education and income. Our aim is:
  1. To reduce deaths of young children and pregnant women from malaria.
  2. To improve education through saving days missed from school with malaria.
  3. To reduce community poverty by reducing days off work caused by malaria for those who can least afford it,
  4. To reduce number of people who are damaged for life by the effects of malaria such as chronic anemia and brain and kidney damage.
Form Rotary Community Corps, who supervise the clearing and prevention measures in each rural area we work in.